Creating architectural marvels: The design process:
The process of design is such that it has to follow a schematic phase structure. Even in architectural design a distinct process is followed. While the information and decisions made in one of the phases / stages of the architectural design process form the basis of the subsequent stages, design is seldom a linear process. Instead, one typically moves back and forth between the phases, allowing ideas from more detailed designs to influence and modify the overall design direction previously established.
The first phase in the process involves conceptualizing a preliminary design based on the client’s ideas and inputs. Abstract concepts are developed, tested and redeveloped continually with the aim of creating a set of information for the subsequent phases of the design process to evolve and persist. The preliminary design is presented to the clients who suggest the requisite changes. After which the design is reviewed and adjustments and changes are made. During this time, layout, form and overall appearance of both the building and the site are determined. Sketches, drawings and study models or CAD computer aided designs and 3D architectural designs are prepared to help evaluate the ideas and concepts. These set the final direction for refining the design.
Drafting and detailing
Usually this phase runs parallel to the conceptual design phase. As the conceptual thinking at the level of detail is vital for the construction, maintenance and eventual disassembly of the building and hence, should be included in the early design iterations.
Once the size, layout and character of the building and site are refined, design of certain feature elements such as stairs, cabinetry, fireplaces and built-in furniture may begin. Drawings or CAD preparations are created that describe some of the important technical details. Plans, elevations and sections through the building are developed. Architectural details combine to form shape and enclosure, between them are connecting lines or materials arranged according to the production information. Their strategic placing collectively determines that shape and characteristics of the building.
CAD Views and Rendering
After the design and drafting of the building structure, interior and exterior views are created by incorporating color, and the rendering of the materials to be used. The architect chooses and develops a set of views that will enable the architecture to be communicated to, and understood by, all the people involved in the development process as well as the clients. A comprehensive 3D architectural view enables the clients to verify that their specifications regarding the structure have been adequately addressed and depicted. Architectural views usually consist of front, side and plan view; in general and 3D architectural views in particular. Architectural rendering refers to creating a two dimensional or three dimensional image of a structure showing its different attributes. Traditionally architects used hand-drawn sketches, pen and ink drawings, and watercolor renderings to represent their designs. Commercial demand for hand-drawn rendering has declined as computer generated renderings lead architectural rendering into an exciting future
Finalization and implementation
The design and drafts are scrutinized and presented to the clients. Suggestions and adjustments are incorporated into and the design is finalized. The finalized design is then communicated to all involved in the construction and development process. The design is then implemented and construction begins.